GMO (genetically modified organisms)

organisms in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does could not occur naturally. GM foods are developed and marketed because there is some perceived advantage to either producers or consumers. Companies that produce GM foods believe/say that genetic modification can result in increased production of foods as well as crops that have higher nutritional value. Concerns by anti-GMO activists in regard to human health:

  • potential to cause allergic reactions
  • potential gene transfer to human bacteria
  • potential toxicity

Environmental concerns include:

  • potential effects on ecological systems and their stability in the environment
  • risk that engineered genes could be introduced into wild populations, harming beneficial species and reducing biodiversity [21]

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